In the time of Hesiod, the Greek recognized only three seasons--spring, summer and winter. 164 ff : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 8. 145, &c., v. 534, ix.

Now the Winds assembled within the house of storm-blowing Zephyros were taking part in a feast, and Iris paused in her running and stood on the stone doorsill; but they, when their eyes saw her, sprang to their feet, and each one asked her to sit beside them. ", Simonides, Fragment 535 (from Himerius, Oration) (trans. Campbell, Vol. . "Hesiod said that they [the Seirenes (Sirens)] charmed even the Anemoi (Winds). Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) :

The son of Poseidon, when not conflated with the god of wind, is sometimes treated as a grandfather of Aeolus, the god of wind, and also as the founder of Lipara in the Lipari Islands. "[The funeral of Akhilleus (Achilles) :] For honour to the goddess [Thetis], Nereus' child, he [Zeus] sent to Aiolos (Aeolus) Hermes, bidding him summon the sacred might of his swift Anemoi (Winds), for that the corpse of Aiakos' (Aeacus') son [Akhilleus] must now be burned. 4 ff (trans. The Father lulled the sea and the beaten shores, and drove away Notus (the South Wind), in whose train dark curling waters, surge-laden folds of heavy billows and the rainstorm far behind move on together to the seas of the Aeolian gate.

59 ff (trans.

Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) to 2nd A.D.) : Herodotus, Histories 7. Zephyrus had an altar on the sacred road to Eleusis. "A farmer saw a ship and her crew about to sink into the sea as the ship's prow disappeared beneath the curl of a wave. :

As ruler of heaven Zeus led the gods to victory against the Giants (offspring of Gaea and Tartarus) and successfully crushed several revolts against him by his fellow gods. : "To Zephyros (Zephyrus, the West-Wind), Fumigation from Frankincense. But Akhilleus' prayer is that Boreas and blustering Zephyros may come to him, and he promises them splendid offerings, so that you may set ablaze the funeral pyre, whereon lies Patroklos, with all Akhaians (Achaeans) mourning about him.’ "[The birth of Beroe, daughter of Aphrodite :] The girl [Beroe] was bathed by the four Aetai (Winds), which ride through all cities to fill the whole earth with the precepts of Beroe [i.e. Aeolus himself was king of the island of Aeolia and befriended Odysseus when his crew was stranded on the island.

Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Homer, Iliad 9. : Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 2.

Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) .

. High over these he set the empyrean weightless, serene, with naught of earthly dross.

: 346 & 574 & 640 ff (trans. : Euenus, Fragment 7 (trans. 9 ff (trans. : Aesop, Fables 276 (from Babrius 71) (trans. Met. "[The heavenly hall of Harmonia, goddess of universal harmony :] The hall of Allmother Harmonia, where that Nymphe dwelt in a house, self-built, shaped like the great universe with its four quarters joined in one. I cannot say whether this was the cause of Boreas falling upon the barbarians as they lay at anchor, but the Athenians say that he had come to their aid before and that he was the agent this time. "And from Typhoeus come boisterous Storm-Winds (Anemoi) which blow damply, except Notos (Notus, the South) and Boreas (the North) and clear Zephyros (Zephyrus, the West). Some shots . the latter is the home of Squalls and Winds and shipwrecking Storms; from here they pass to the lands over the wide ocean, from here in bygone days would they spread turmoil in the heavens and in the disastrous sea--for at that time no Aeolus was their master, when the intruding sea broke Calpe off from Libya, when Oenotria to her sorrow lost the lands of Sicily and the waters burst into the heart of the mountains--until the All-powerful [Zeus] thundered from sky upon the trembling blasts and appointed them a king [Aiolos (Aeolus)], whom the fierce band were bidden to revere; iron and a twofold wall of rocks quell Euros (the East Wind) within the mountain.

39 ff (trans. Love leads them over Gargarus and over the roaring Ascanius; they scale mountains, they swim rivers. Boreas and Zephyrus are usually mentioned together by Homer, just as Eurus and Notus. Handmaids [i.e.

Aphrodite, the goddess of beauty, was jealous of her intelligence, so she sent her brother, Eros, the god of love, to strike Psyche with one his love-arrows so that she may fall in love with her brother, Eros. Vernal and grassy, and of murmuring sound, to ships delightful through the sea profound; for these, impelled by you with gentle force, pursue with prosperous fate their destined course. ", Statius, Thebaid 1. .

", Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 2.

Greco-Roman Antioch Floor Mosaic C2nd A.D. Other references not currently quoted here: Manilius Astronomica 4.590. And after these Erigenia (the Early-Born) [Eos] bare the star Eosphorus (Dawn-bringer) [i.e. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). . Mated with the Winds they produced many swift, immortal horses. Gibbs) (Greek fable C6th B.C.) ], Nonnus, Dionysiaca 2. [1.3] ASTRAIOS (Ovid Metamorphoses 14.544), [1.1] ZEPHYROS, BOREAS, NOTOS (Hesiod Theogony 378 & 869, Pindar Maiden Songs Frag 104) Anemoi Horse-Shaped Wind-Gods (represented as horses)

In art Zeus was represented as a bearded, dignified, and mature man of stalwart build; his most prominent symbols were the thunderbolt and the eagle. "So with all speed the Greeks went their several ways to meet the enemy [i.e. Orphic Hymn 80 to Boreas (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : Venus [Aphrodite] herself inspired their frenzy, when the four Potnian steeds tore with their jaws the limbs of Glaucus. "[The witch] Medea . [Caught in the storm, the leader of the Kolkhian (Colchian) fleet cries out :] ‘Is she [the witch Medea] herself moving these Winds by magic spells against us, and with her dread tongue raising this towering? "[Demeter visits the house of Astraios (Astraeus), god of astrology, and father of the Winds :] She [Demeter] hastened with quick foot to the house of Astraios the god of prophecy; her hair flowed behind her unbraided and the clusters were shaking the fitful winds . . Scholfield) (Greek natural history C2nd to 3rd A.D.) : Pausanias, Description of Greece 9.

His name clearly comes from that of the sky god Dyaus of the ancient Hindu Rigveda.

", Statius, Thebaid 5. The friendship led to Aeolus bagging up all the winds except a gentle westerly wind, which would help Odysseus get home (this Aeolia was located near Sicily, and in real life is part of the Lipari Islands). Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : f he turned flickering eyes to the sunrise [the East], he received the fiery battle of neighbouring Euros (Eurus, the East Wind). O Theseus my treacherous bridegroom, if the marauding Anemoi (Winds) have carried your course from Naxos to the Athenian land, tell me now I ask, and I will resort to Aiolos (Aeolus) at once reproaching the jealous and wicked Anemoi (Winds) . 291 ff (trans. 1 ff (trans. 37. The tempest rises to stay you. . 113 ff :

In order to achieve his amorous designs, Zeus frequently assumed animal forms, such as that of a cuckoo when he ravished Hera, a swan when he ravished Leda, or a bull when he carried off Europa. He rules the winds. "But surely the madness of mares surpasses all. ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 41. to 2nd A.D.) : Mozley) (Roman poetry C1st A.D.) : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 13. . Then did Hippotades [Aiolos] drive against the mighty door with a whirling blast. Gerber, Vol. The storm, then, ceased on the fourth day [but a large portion of the Persian fleet was destroyed]. "And may the father [Aiolos (Aeolus)] whose Aeolian prison constrains the Winds, whom the various blasts obey, and every air that stirs on the world's seas, and storms and cloudy tempests, keep Boreas (the North Wind) and Notos (South Wind) and Eurus (the East Wind) in closer custody behind his wall of mountain; but may Zephyros (the West Wind) alone have the freedom of the sky, alone drive vessels onward and skim unceasingly o'er the crests of the billows, until he bring without a storm thy glad sail safe to the Paraetonian haven. "Raincloud Zeus brought the waters up in mountainous seas on high and flooded all cities, how Notos (the South Wind) and Boreas (the North Wind), Euros (the East Wind) and Libos (the West Wind) [Zephyros] in turn lashed Deukalion's (Deucalion's) wandering hutch, lifted it castaway on waves in the air and left it harbourless near the moon. Icon. Then by decree of Zeus down on the pyre of slain Akhilleus, like a charging host swooped they; upleapt the Fire-god's madding breath: uprose a long wail from the Myrmidones. There stand in the Sicilian Sea on the side of retreating Pelorum a crag, the terror of the straits; high as are the piles it lifts into the air, even so deep are those that sink below the surface of the waters; and hard by may one see another land with rocks and caverns no less terrible [the island of Lipara] . the invading Persians].

Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Statius, Silvae 3. The fourth Wind, Euros (Eurus), is similarly absent from Homer and Hesiod. The ancient [Astraios] prepared a great spread, that he might dispel Demeter's heart-piercing cares by his tables. : 189 ff (trans.

4 ff (trans. ", Ovid, Heroides 7. . Anemoi as Gusts of Winds (represented as gusts of air), Hesiod, Theogony 869 ff (trans. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 6. of Hesiod, p. 39. The Winds were occasionally worshipped as a group. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : . "To Boreas (the North-Wind), Fumigation from Frankincense.

432 ff (trans. . Whither are you flying? Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! [1.1] ASTRAIOS & EOS (Hesiod Theogony 378, Apollodorus 1.8, Hyginus Preface, Nonnus Dionysiaca 6.18 & 47.340)

"Too venturesome the man who in frail barque first cleft the treacherous seas and, with one last look behind him at the well-known shore, trusted his life to the fickle winds; who, ploughing the waters on an unknown course, could trust to a slender plank, stretching too slight a boundary between the ways of life and death. Link will appear as Aeolus: - Greek Gods & Goddesses, October 18, 2019, © Greek Gods and Goddesses 2010 - 2020 | About | Contact | Privacy, Aeolus: ", Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 2. 12. Showerman) (Roman poetry C1st B.C.

The Anemoi were often portrayed as man-shaped gods blowing out the winds. ", Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 1.

Grant me to overwhelm the Greeks with their mad bark : the thought of my children [i.e. 1 (trans. With speed he went, and Aiolos refused not: tempestuous Boreas (North-wind) in haste he summoned, and the wild blast of Zephyros (the West); and to Troy sped they on their whirlwind wings. 5, Od. "In Titane there is also a sanctuary of Athena, into which they bring up the image of Koronis (Coronis) [mother of Asklepios (Asclepius)] . ", Statius, Thebaid 8. 392 & 524 ff (trans. Aeolus is the name of a few different characters in Greek mythology, but the one most commonly associated with the name is the god of winds. By your enabling power, at my behest . . Aen. § 1.) 194 ff (trans.

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