Farrar, Straus and Giroux. The region's vast coalfield covers 63,000 square miles (160,000 km2) between northern Pennsylvania and central Alabama, mostly along the Cumberland Plateau and Allegheny Plateau regions. Here you can go fishing just off the coast into the Atlantic Ocean. New roads, schools, health care facilities, water and sewer systems, and other improvements have brought a better life to many Appalachian residents. Between 1730 and 1763, immigrants trickled into western Pennsylvania, the Shenandoah Valley area of Virginia, and western Maryland. Appalachian literature crosses with the larger genre of Southern literature. [34], In point of fact, of the 77 members of the 84th U.S. Congress who were non-signatories to the 1956 Southern Manifesto from the 17 former Confederate and border states where racial segregation of public schools was legally required prior to the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court case, 65 non-signatories were from the states Trende identifies as part of the "Greater Appalachia" region (West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Texas). The strip of mountainous areas consists of high plateaus and lowlands. Appalachia (/ˌæpəˈleɪtʃə, -leɪʃə, -lætʃə/) is a cultural region in the Eastern United States that stretches from the Southern Tier of New York State to northern Alabama and Georgia. [71], Native Americans, the region's original inhabitants, are now only a small percentage of the region's present population, their most notable concentration being the reservation of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians in North Carolina.

[103] Union Carbide built the world's first petrochemical plant in Clendenin, West Virginia, in 1920, and in subsequent years the Kanawha Valley became known as the "Chemical Capital of the World". In the 1960s, many people in Appalachia had a standard of living comparable to Third World countries'.

Don’t forget to pack hiking boot or your bike and also proper biking/hiking clothing!

However, half the counties included in the new state, comprising two-thirds of its territory, were secessionist and pro-Confederate. In the early 19th century, the rift between the yeoman farmers of Appalachia and their wealthier lowland counterparts continued to grow, especially as the latter dominated most state legislatures. [104] Eastman Chemical, also established in 1920, is Tennessee's largest single employer. Pánfilo de Narváez's expedition first entered Apalachee territory on June 15, 1528, and applied the name. [120] The ARC's wide scope also grew out of the "pork barrel" phenomenon, as politicians from outside the traditional Appalachia area saw a new way to bring home federal money to their areas.

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